A Biography]. "Von der Meldepflicht bei Kurzaufenthalten waren ... Inländer befreit." 21.) (Meredith 2011, p. x), Beahrs (1993, p. 183 f.) supported Josephine: "Was there for him in fact … one deep and lasting passion for a certain dear one, marriage to whom was precluded, not by psychological inhibitions of the inner man, but by prohibitive heart-breaking externals? Skeptics, however, point out that unlike many of the other women in Beethoven’s life, Brentano was happily married—and was pregnant with her sixth child in the summer of 1812. 1088–1092). (Solomon 1998, p. 219 f.) Goldschmidt showed that "for short stays, residents [as opposed to foreigners] were exempt from reporting requirements". Beethoven's lasting friendship with Antonie's husband, Franz, "The many letters he wrote Antonie prove that a true and deep but - due to mutual restraint - nevertheless only formal friendship existed between them and Beethoven always seems to perceive Franz, Antonia and their children as an inseparable unity.". Who was the woman who so besotted Ludwig van Beethoven that he was compelled to pen an infamously passionate and fervid love letter that has stood the test of time? They were therefore not independent objective requirements at all." For a transcription of the German original, an English translation and helpful historical context, see, The letter's signature is "Mus. ", Tellenbach, Marie-Elisabeth (1998): "Psychoanalyse und historisch-philologische Methode. There is one, however, and only one, to whom Beethoven did pour his heart out in impassioned declarations of undying love remarkably similar to the phraseology of the anguished letter to his Immortal Beloved… That one is his 'BELOVED AND ONLY J' – Josephine. Beethoven did not indicate who the intended recipient is, but the most likely candidates are Countess Giulietta Guicciardi, Josephine von Brunsvik, Antonie Brentano, and Josephine’s sister, Countess Therese Brunsvik. Beethoven’s hopes for the relationship seem to darken as he writes. (p. xvii). "[39] She could not contemplate marrying Beethoven, a commoner, for the simple reason that she would have lost the guardianship of her aristocratic children. Amalie SEBALD (1787 - 1846). [40], Again Therese on Beethoven: "How unhappy, with such intellectual talent. Arts patron Anna Marie Erdödy, a supporter and confidante of Beethoven’s, allowed the composer to live in her Vienna home for a period. Immortal Beloved is a biographical account of Ludwig van Beethoven's (Gary Oldman) life and loves, in the form of a fictionalized treatment of an enigmatic letter to … The letter's unnamed recipient — Beethoven's "Immortal Beloved" — remains a mystery, and continues to generate debate. ", Schindler (1840). [35], The French authors Jean and Brigitte Massin (1955) identified Josephine as the "Immortal Beloved", mainly based on comparisons of the "Letter to the Immortal Beloved" with the earlier 14 (15) love letters: "The letter to the 'Immortal Beloved' ... not only uses similar wording, but also emphasizes his long-time faithfulness to his one and only Beloved. ix-xxxiv. Two centuries later, historians still haven't agreed on the identity of the woman who inspired the composer's famed lines. "[33] Schmidt-Görg (1957, p. 31) believed that with the last letter (which he still thought to have been written in 1807 – not 1809) and with Josephine's marriage to Baron Stackelberg (in 1810) the love relationship was terminated. According to Varnhagen's diary, 15 February 1856: "Bettina ... claims Beethoven had been in love with her and wanted to marry her! [32] Goldschmidt (1980) explains why the German Beethoven scholarship was so reluctant to accept Kaznelson's theory (already published before these "13 letters"): "The fact that, as a result of this meeting, they had to take a natural daughter into account, appeared so venturesome to the professional world that the resistance to the Josephine hypothesis stiffened noticeably. Goldschmidt's evaluation of the Josephine hypothesis: "Without conclusive proofs of the opposite one should no longer want to part prematurely with the increasingly justified assumption that the 'Immortal Beloved' could hardly be anyone else but the 'Only Beloved'."[43]. Julie “Giulietta” Guicciardi entered Beethoven’s life in the late 1790s. Intimate friends of Beethoven, true, one and all; but loves? Significant new discoveries in European archives were made and published by Steblin (2002, 2007, 2009, 2009a) and Skwara/Steblin (2007). (Walden 2011, p. 104), … die Antonia-Hypothese … nicht so restlos überzeugend ist, daß sie jede andere ausschließt. [28], Steichen (1959) identified Marie Erdödy to have been a lifelong beloved of Beethoven, and thus could also be the "Immortal Beloved". Beethoven's love letter is very famous and often quoted in literary media as well as television, movies, and commercials. "I would have to violate sacred bonds if I gave in to your request – Believe me – that I, by doing what is my duty, suffer the most – and that surely noble motives were guiding my actions." Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association. The other was a letter, written in pencil in Beethoven’s uneven scrawl over 10 small pages. Intriguingly, both sisters’ diaries go nearly silent for much of the summer of 1812, when it’s believed Josephine was in Prague, which Beethoven visited on his way to Teplitz. Beethoven was briefly infatuated with her in 1801-2 (when she was his piano pupil, and dedicated his renowned "Moonlight" Sonata [in C-sharp minor, Op. Refuted by Goldschmidt (1980), p. 325 f. Astonishingly, this book was published in 1964 in German translation even though the "13 Letters" (translated by Anderson, 1961) had meanwhile been published, clearly indicating a very heterosexual drive in the composer! ... All of the puzzling aspects about Beethoven's affair with the 'Immortal Beloved', including his various cryptic comments, can be explained in terms of his one known beloved – Josephine. Two specialists from the Jane Austen Society of North America share intriguing highlights of the author's life, career and literary impact. Schmidt-Görg (1957) published 13 heretofore unknown love letters by Beethoven to Josephine Brunsvik (and a draft letter by him that survived as a copy by Josephine), that could be dated to the period from 1804 to 1809/10 when she was a widow after the early death of her first husband Count Deym. Beethoven’s Immortal Beloved: Solving the Mystery is admirably and extensively footnoted, and Walden carefully lays out his case with both clarity and an incisive logical method. (on 24 February 1984), Dahlhaus stated: "Daß Beethovens berühmter 'Brief an die unsterbliche Geliebte' ... an Josephine von Brunswick gerichtet war, steht inzwischen fest." ), Solomon's hypothesis was contested by Goldschmidt (1980), Tellenbach (1983, 1987, 1988, 1993/1994, 1998), Beahrs (1972, 1986, 1988, 1993), Dahlhaus (1991), Pichler (1994), Altman (1996), Meredith (2000), Steblin (2007), Walden (2011), Caeyers (2012), and Swaffort (2014). The letter’s unnamed recipient — Beethoven’s “Immortal Beloved” — remains a mystery, and continues to generate debate. Doubts were raised by de Hevesy (1910), who ruled out Teréz Brunszvik,[20] and by Unger (1910) against Amalie Sebald. This forgery fooled many scholars at the time: "The editors of 'Die Musik' submitted this Beethoven manuscript to many well-known experts, all of whom independently declared it to be genuine." The wealthy daughter of noble parents, she began taking piano lessons with him in 1801, and he almost immediately fell in love with her. sei." Forbes, 1967), Thomas-San-Galli (1909, 1910), La Mara (1920), Rolland (1928), Thomas-San-Galli (1909, 1910); see: Goldschmidt (1977), pp. A picture of Brentano, originally thought to depict Anna Marie Erdödy, was found in the drawer with the “Beloved” letter. There was four years later also a claim by a Japanese author (Aoki 1959, 1968) who had "discovered" Antonie. Beahrs, Virginia (1990): "My Angel, My All, My Self": A Literal Translation of Beethoven's Letter to the Immortal Beloved. Zu gleicher Zeit war Josephine unglüklich! A New Look at Beethoven's Diary Entry and the 'Immortal Beloved.". A piano pupil of Beethoven’s, Dorothea von Ertmann, has been cited as a possible contender, but although he dedicated a sonata to her, their relationship seems to have been non-romantic. About a book published in America by the gifted novelist Gail S. Altman (from The Immortal Beloved Compendium: Everything About The Only Woman Beethoven Ever Loved - And Many He Didn't 0, who would follow soon after with another elaboration of a popular myth, namely the alleged deliberate poisoning of not only Beethoven, but also Napoleon and his son (Altman 1999). ... Dilettante verses ... by a clumsy author, a real dilettante, a coffeehouse poet. Elaborated by Goldschmidt (1980). Ever mine. Amalie was a singer, notably at Berlin. (Beethoven's "Immortal Beloved": the Riddle Solved.). (Josephine's Diary, June 1812, in Steblin 2007, p. 296. Ever ours.” The doomed affair coincided with the start of one of the darkest periods in Beethoven’s life, during which he failed to compose a major work for several years. The identity of Beethoven’s “Immortal Beloved” (more accurately translated as “Eternally Beloved”) has confounded historians for two centuries and even inspired a movie. (Steblin 2007, p. 148) 240.). Antonie Brentano and her husband were close friends with Beethoven, Photo: ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images, The daughter of an Austrian diplomat, Antonie “Toni” Brentano was deeply involved in the arts and became very close with Beethoven around 1810. [... veröffentlichte Bekker, der von ihm publizierte Beethoven-Brief sei eine Fälschung. Schindler, in turn, named Guicciardi as the “Immortal Beloved” in his biography of Beethoven, but that idea has since been disputed, particularly because she seems to have disappeared from Beethoven’s life several years before the letter was written. "[24], La Mara (1920), after discovering more letters and notes in the Brunsvik estates, was now convinced "that ... Josephine widowed Countess Deym was Beethoven's 'Immortal Beloved'".[25]. "[37], After Massin & Massin (1955) and Goldschmidt (1980), Tellenbach (1983, 1987, 1988, 1999) argued extensively the case for Josephine, based on many newly discovered documents, like Therese's later diary notes, e.g., on the discovery of the "Three letters by Beethoven … they must have been to Josephine whom he loved passionately. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Classical music, he remains one of the most recognized and … Sebald was definitely not in Prague at the beginning of July 1812, and Cooper (2000, p. 416) consequently ruled her out as a candidate. Beethoven’s romantic life was rocky, and he never married. 162. [21] A summary of the older literature can be found in Forbes (1967, pp. Beethoven 127. Nine months after the “Beloved” letter was written, Brunsvik gave birth to a daughter, which some historians have theorized was Beethoven’s, although no definite proof exists. 1. As a professional writer, I can admire Beethoven’s prose as few can. And it's, like, OMG, the whole reason he's abusive and horrible to Johanna is because he's really secretly crazy in love with her. Beahrs, Virginia (1993): "Beethoven's Only Beloved? "[60] Meredith (2011, p. xxii), in his Introduction, has reviewed the debate over the major candidates and he believes that "Walden's proposal merits unbiased consideration". These can be summarized into two important items: "A new way of looking at old evidence confirms that Josephine was Beethoven's one and only 'Immortal Beloved'. Sie wäre glücklicher gewesen als mit St[ackelberg]. Sebald and Beethoven were both in Teplitz in the summer of 1812, but his known letters to her also seem like those of a friend. Mutterliebe bestimmte sie – – auf eigenes Glück zu verzichten." Following Beethoven’s death in March 1827, his assistant, Anton Schindler, discovered a hidden drawer, which contained some pictures, money and two documents. [That Beethoven's famous "Letter to the Immortal Beloved" ... was addressed to Josephine von Brunsvik, is now a well established fact.]. (Therese's Diary, 4 February 1846, in Schmidt-Görg 1957, p. At first most researchers, including Alexander Wheelock Thayer,[19] also thought Therese was the "Immortal Beloved". 1. the woman must have been in Prague and Karlsbad around the time in question (like Beethoven); 2. she must have been closely acquainted (at least on very friendly terms) with Beethoven, at the time immediately before this event. Josephine's candidacy as the "Immortal Beloved" was contested by Solomon (1988), mainly in response to Massin (1955, 1970), Goldschmidt (1980) and Tellenbach (1983). ist es doch wie ein Traum, [daß] er der Freund, der Vertraute unseres Hauses war – ein herrlicher Geist – warum nahm ihn meine Schwester J. nicht zu ihrem Gemahl als Witwe Deym? Stoll was a very successful playwright, who from 1809 on even received an honorary pension from Napoleon. 48. Again, he seems to have quickly fallen for Josephine and remained close to her after her marriage. Beethoven the maestro, NOW with 3D sound derived from the Immortal Beloved. One of them was the famous Heiligenstadt Testament, the other a … She would have been happier with him than with Stackelberg. … Die dilettantischen Verse haben ebenfalls Stammbuchcharakter. Beethoven was known to love many women, and as his friend F.G. Wegeler once wrote, "Beethoven was never out of love." When she was widowed several years later, he pursued his case. (Steblin 2007, p. 148) Solomon (1972, p. 577) admits: "There is no proof that Beethoven and Antonie met in Prague." The apparently unsent letter was found in the composer's estate following his death, after which it remained in the hands of Anton Schindler until his death, was subsequently willed to his sister, and was sold by her in 1880 to the Berlin State Library, where it remai… After his death in 1827, the following love letter was found amongst the personal papers of Ludwig van Beethoven, penned by the composer over the course of two days in July of 1812 while staying in Teplice. (La Mara 1920, p. Once again and more detailed Solomon (1972, 1998) suggested Antonie Brentano to have been the "Immortal Beloved". Beethoven had quite a lot of romances in his life. The Immortal Beloved (German "Unsterbliche Geliebte") is the addressee[1] of a love letter which composer Ludwig van Beethoven wrote on 6–7 July 1812 in Teplitz. "Beethovens heilige Hände …[,] den ich tief verehre, er wandelt göttlich under den Sterblichen, sein höheren Standpunkt gegen die niedere Welt." All of these women are known to have been the object of Beethoven’s affection at one time or another. Immortal Beloved is a film about the turbulent life and times of Beethoven.Throughout the film, highlights from his vast canon are featured, and those pieces of … Howell, Standley (1979): "Beethoven's Mälzel Canon. ), "Ohne schlüssige Beweise des Gegenteils wird man sich nicht mehr voreilig von der zunehmend begründeten Annahme trennen wollen, daß die 'Unsterbliche Geliebte' schwerlich eine andere als die 'Einzig Geliebte' war." Eine Biographie [Beethoven: The Lonely Revolutionary. [6] Other candidates who have been conjectured, with various degrees of mainstream scholarly support, are Julie ("Giulietta") Guicciardi,[7] Therese Brunsvik,[8] Amalie Sebald,[9] Dorothea von Ertmann,[10] Therese Malfatti,[11] Anna Maria Erdődy,[12] Bettina von Arnim,[13] and several others. The Juno award-winning Gryphon Trio has recorded the work with both Canadian mezzo-soprano Julie Nesrallah (New York: Naxos, 2015) and Luxembourg baritone David John Pike (Montreal: Analekta, 2019). Nothing but bubbles and dreams! Ever mine. ), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Ira F. Brilliant Center for Beethoven Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Immortal_Beloved&oldid=997474477, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The most likely candidate sound derived from the Jane Austen Society of North America share intriguing highlights of the who... Für einander geboren [, ] und lebten beide noch, hätten sich! Romantic attachments, which may have remained unrequited and unconsummated with him than with.! Told in retrospect her pregnant starring Gary Oldman ) my estimate is... in the Conversation Books. ] the! 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Mir selbst sitzen soll 1980, p. 461, n. 48 Revealed: New Results about her Relationship to Countess! ), Steblin, beethoven's immortal beloved ( 2009a ): `` Neue Schriftstücke zu Beethoven und Gräfin... Lot of romances in his life was Beethoven arrived there two weeks later. ) Tellenbach! After having a child out of wedlock, she did marry a,! Letter captured imaginations was, it doesn ’ t square with the facts, 4 February 1846 in... Cycle sets excerpts from Beethoven 's letter to Therese Countess Brunsvik years been... Custody of her aristocratic-born children if she married a commoner, with such intellectual talent just his deafness ( 2008. Background meant his frequent pursuits of well-born women were ultimately futile Hitler 's life,. Inventions by the record or by any known correspondence 's memoirs, which show her full admiration! His true nationality will Liebert in Prag prechen for Dorothea Ertmann. [ 30 ] 's memoirs, show! There in his letter Therese was the Immortal Beloved '' in: the Beethoven Newsletter 5/2 p.. Dedicated his famed “ Moonlight Sonata ” to Guicciardi, and reportedly later told Anton Schindler that she been... From Napoleon undelivered having the subject – “ to the Immortal Beloved, the connections make sense... All ; but loves, die er leidenschaftlich geliebt hat. Beethoven ein Lied...