It is not a picnic. . Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys. 16:15). No less than 24 persons were saluted by name, plus household groups of Aristobulus and of Narcissus, plus the mother of Rufus and the sister of Nereus. (My own transl.). They always appear to be the most dedicated and devoted of believers. No matter how many others follow, you never forget the firstfruits. As I was reading in the latter half of Romans, reaching the end of the book brought about an interesting chapter. And yet, they who did not have to work for a livelihood worked hard in the service of the Lord. This Latin name appears over 1,400 times in the corpus of names found in Rome. But in many ways this is one of the most exciting chapters in Romans, as I think you will see. Looking back over his paper, I can see how he made many assumptions. 5Greet also the church that meets at their house. She believes that if we are in Christ we are part of the New Creation and part of a community where old social paradigms of hierarchies and caste systems have no place (2 Cor. Another method is flattery. God and Jesus Christ rightfully have full power and absolute authority (authentia); husbands do not have this kind of power or authority. Romans 16:6 "Greet Mary, who bestowed much labor on us." Approaching this term from a statistical perspective, we should expect to find the non-technical sense In Romans 16:1. Stachys is the third person in this list who Paul describes as his dear friend (“beloved”). Ignore them. Phoebe, however, was not a member of the Roman church but lived in … This gathering, or gatherings, are for the purpose of ministry, including prophecy. He gave me permission to use it. His two sons, Alexander and Rufus, became outstanding men in the Christian community. 16:5, 8, 9). In recent years, it’s been popular to say that the church has oppressed women, that it has little place for them, and even that the Apostle Paul was a woman-hater. 10Greet Apelles, tested and approved in Christ. I have also heard the objection that authentein could not mean domineer since two activities are prohibited, and authentein is only not permitted in relation to men and not other women as well. Greet also the church that meets at their house. ... you can say the House of the Lord is I lift up the name of Jesus Hallelujah. However, on pages 12-13 Edgar points out that this activity was only restricted from women in relation to men, and he therefore concludes it must be a positive exercise of authority. Paul doesn’t tell the Ephesian men and women that they need to raise holy hands without anger when they pray. Phoebe, however, was not a member of the Roman church but lived in … Patrobas Romans 16:14 Romans 16:7. I would say there is zero evidence of authentein referring to a normal, or healthy, exercise of authority around the first-third centuries. Paul mentions that this meeting is for the purpose of eating (e.g., 1 Cor. Designed by Brugel Creative | © Margaret Mowczko, Exploring the biblical theology of Christian egalitarianism, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Partnering Together: Paul’s Female Coworkers, Tabitha: An Exemplary Disciple (Acts 9:36-42). They risked their lives for me. We can see from these names that Roman society had already been infiltrated by the gospel before Paul ever arrived in the city. 15. These prominent Christians had already penetrated society from top to bottom. While that is true, I have always wondered why Genesis 3:17 mentions Adam listening to the voice of his wife since it is not mentioned that she said anything. Was it “teaching,” a word that some are reluctant to associate with Priscilla and her ministry? Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. Hearing and seeing the amazing names of God helps us know who God is, and it gives us a deep sense of awe for our wonderful and great God and Father. I’ve had a few busy days, but I’ll try and get to Edgar’s paper in a day or two. (But I don’t agree with Chrysostom’s interpretation of Eve’s actions. We see them first in Chapter 18 of Acts, where Luke tells us they were Jews, tentmakers by trade, who were driven out of Rome by the decree of the Emperor Claudius. ), Rufus’ mother is the eighth woman listed in Romans 16:1-16. You remember lots of things about your past together and things about their personality, but you still can’t recall their name. The God of peace, who will preserve the peace of the church, will also crush Satan under your feet." 2. But they were not compiled until later, and they were not regarded as scripture until later. Rather, it gives insight into the church in Rome and it reveals Paul’s esteem and regard for some of the believers there. Message transcript and recording © 1977 by Ray Stedman Ministries, owner of sole copyright by assignment from the author. There is a Rufus here in Rome, who is well known, and Paul sends his greetings to him, and reminds him also that Rufus' mother had been his mother too, at some time. 11:18 and 22 for the whole church at Corinth. She did not teach Adam and she did not exercise authority or power over him.). The last paragraph is reserved for next Sunday and our Communion service. . Gaius opened his house to the entire Christian community, so here is Paul, sitting there with his friends. Moore, a pastor at Roots Covenant Church in St Paul, Minnesota. Their methods are to come on with smooth and plausible talk. They always use scriptural language. Romans Chapter 16. The photo that shows up when this article is shared on social media is of Joanne Whalley and John Lynch who play Priscilla and Aquila in the 2018 movie Paul: Apostle of Christ. "You are not your own; you are bought with a price," (1 Corinthians 6:19b-20a NIV). Greet Mary. Furthermore, Paul refers to the ministry of Persis, something he doesn’t do for the three men. 1. Not only do they comprise 35% of the believers mentioned, Andronicus Romans 16:7 Her area of interest is the mutuality (equality) of men and women in Christian ministry and marriage. Moore’s notes on the list of people in Romans 16:1-16. And associated with him is Mary, whom Paul calls "Mary the toiler." Hermas Romans 16:14, Say hello to Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers and sisters who are with them. 6Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you. The apostle regarded these four people with warm affection. Romans 16:1 Or servant; Romans 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Günther Bornkamn, Paul (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995) 80; Joan Cecelia Campbell, Phoebe: Patron and Emissary (Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2009), 13-14; Robert Jewett, “Paul, Phoebe, and the Spanish Mission” in The Social World of Formative Christianity and Judaism: In Tribute to Howard Clark Kee (Philadelphia: FortressPress, 1988), 153-154; Susan Mathew, Women in the Greetings of Rom 16:1-16: A Study of Mutuality and Women’s Ministry in the Letter to the Romans  (Durham University: Durham E-Theses, 2010), 4-19. Olympas Romans 16:15, Say hello to Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. the Joanna mentioned as a wealthy patron and follower of Jesus in Luke 8:3 and 24:10 may be identical to Junia, with Joanna being her Aramaic name and Junia its Greek/Latin equivalent.3 Whatever her identity, Paul’s deference to her authority illustrates the utmost respect on his part. These women, most likely sisters or even twins, ministered “in the Lord.” Despite the senses of daintiness and of luxurious living that the etymology of their names conveys, these women were hard workers. Rom 8:23; 11:16; 1 Cor 16:15. 16:13 This Rufus cannot be identified to … Paul's greetings in Romans 16. The family of Stephanas were the first converts of Achaia ( 1 Cor. They only envisaged getting adequate rest in order to come back and fight through to the end. It may also refer to a congregation (or, house church) hosted by Aristobulus, but it is odd that Aristobulus himself is not explicitly greeted. Romans 16 – Greetings to the Christians in Rome A. Greetings to many different Christians. It may be that Paul is critiquing a custom or concern in Corinth that was not a custom in other churches (1 Cor. Romans 16:1 Or servant; Romans 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. - stood by, while their vulnerable neighbours were crushed by the governing authorities. I think “domineer” is a reasonable translation of authentein. Even in the fourth century, Chrysostom, in his sermon on Colossians 3, said that husbands shouldn’t behave that way towards their wives. He was behind the scenes politically, but was the close friend of the Emperor Claudius. Tryphaena and Tryphosa: Not too Dainty to Work Hard in the Lord by Dr Dominika Kurek-Chomycz, Partnering Together: Paul and Women The peace will be preserved without a lot of warfare and dissension. Paul is very careful to remember these women and men who had the gift of helps. KJV) V. Vashti - queen, and … Some of you are old enough to remember when we started! Mary and the Women in Matthew’s Genealogy of Jesus, Don Carson and Tim Keller on “I Do Not Permit a Woman to Teach”. It took weeks to reach cities that we now reach in less than an hour by plane. Priscilla, with her husband Aquila, explained Christian doctrine to Apollos, and they corrected him, but some insist she was not teaching. 19Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I am full of joy over you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. Julia; probably the wife of Philologus. He is not mentioned elsewhere. He is not mentioned elsewhere. Here is a hint that in the household of Flavius Clemens was a Christian slave, Nereus, who was undoubtedly a great influence in leading this prominent Roman citizen to Christ, and who would later give his life as a martyr for the cause of Christ. By Ernie and Mary Kroeger. (1) Paul, contrary to what is supposed today, greatly valued women and the significance of their ministry. Authentein was not a good thing. 16. Jason was evidently Paul's host when the apostle went to the city of Thessalonica, in Macedonia. You can tell by the way they act that is what they want. God bless you sis . Dr. Barclay suggests that he may have been the housekeeper of a prominent Roman citizen named Flavius Clemens, later to become Consul of Rome, the highest political office in the city, who, in 95 A.D., was condemned to death by the Emperor Domitian because he was a Christian. A woman, Prisca (also known as Priscilla), heads this list. Who’s Who in Paul’s Greetings in Romans 16 by Bronwen Speedie. When some group like this appears, many of us tend to want to rush in and excommunicate them, read them out from the pulpit, or violently attack them. : Hendrickson, 1991) (A PDF of this chapter is freely available here.) I’ve had a busy day and need to take a breather. There are two households mentioned, and two unnamed women -- the mother of Rufus and the sister of Nereus -- as well as some unnamed brethren. 11:10). If no one can see a man or woman praying and prophesying then what does it matter how they wear their hair, or if their head is covered or uncovered? In the New International Version, “Christ” appears 453 times! 1:1 and 1 Tim. For such people are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. I think it makes its best progress when it infiltrates all levels of society and brings them all together in the church of Christ. Also, God didn’t “teach” either; he commanded. Paul wanted to foster unity among the believers in Rome and between the different house churches. Mary from Rome – She was Paul’s helper. 22. Greet one another with a holy kiss. To import the word “teach” into the creation accounts is unwarranted and artificial. 29. 1. Three women are listed in Romans 16:12. None of the names mentioned from Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known. 1:6). ), 20. This was a name given to slaves, especially of the Julian household, whether Jewish or Gentile. There are numerous presuppositions, assertions, and inaccurate statements in it. She could not teach or preach or evangelize, but she could work, and she did. For that I am very grateful. In Verse 13 we have Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who had been a mother to the apostle too. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them. 8Greet Ampliatus, whom I love in the Lord. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendatio… I do have one question in particular that I have been wondering. Very interesting Marg. We have people today who emphasize tongues, or prophecy, or some phase of teaching that they think is the mark of a true believer, to the exclusion of everything else. Rather, he affirms them and their ministries. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. These factions are really out to advance themselves, to get a following, to gain prestige. ~ The theology of the well-known American Bible teacher is questionable. There are 24 names mentioned in Rome — 17 men and 7 women. Evidently, the apostle said something to him, such as, "Tertius, you've written this whole thing and you must have writer's cramps by now. ... Twenty-nine people are mentioned in Romans 16:1-16, including ten women, seven of whom are described in terms of their ministries. Verse 5 mentions a church that met in the house of Aquila and Priscilla . 1:1). 9:3 NIV). 11:20-21). Romans 16 begins with a recommendation which was written in order to introduce a woman by the name of Phoebe to the Christian community in Rome. Website © 2021 by Ray Stedman Ministries. Say hello to the members of the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord. Greet those in the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord. Dr. William Barclay, probably the best commentator of all to get at the background of Biblical stories, tells us that Aristobulus may have been the grandson of King Herod the Great, who lived in Rome. Paul decides to send greetings from all those people who were with him in Corinth. 11, in 1 Cor. 11 refers to ministry when the church is assembled, but perhaps Paul’s concern is conceptual rather than practical in these verses. Women in Romans 16 Romans 16 is a significant chapter for the study of women in the early church. 9Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys. (That is really the term, not deaconess, as the King James Version puts it. Somewhere, Urbanus joined Paul's team, and also "his dear friend Stachys," and that is all we know. Now they are in Rome, having traveled from Corinth and Ephesus. Though “control” or “bully” or “act the tyrant” may be better. It is strange, when first noted, that in only Romans and Colossians did Paul name so many people personally, and that in both instances these were churches which he had never visited. For permission to use this content, please review They had all become Christians and had another house church going in their bachelors' quarters there. One obvious feature was the many women mentioned. It was a popular name. 11:33-34). Mary Magdalene told Jesus’s disciples the good news that Jesus has risen from the dead, but some insist she was not preaching. Like Epaenetus, Ampliatus and Stachys (three men mentioned above), Paul refers to Persis, a woman, as a dear friend (“beloved”). Greet one another with a holy kiss. I’m glad it’s useful to you. Greet Apelles, tested and approved in Christ. You mentioned how Eve did not teach Adam but merely handed him the fruit. I can understand why some would question whether the first half of 1 Cor. But I have always been fascinated by this man Apelles, whom Paul says has been "tested and approved in Christ." The first is Timothy, who was Paul’s understudy and often his companion. But I must admit that I am wary considering this statement in the abstract of one of the papers: “The verse is not complicated, the argument of the passage seems clear, and the normal lexical meanings of the terms seem to fit well.”, The verse and the argument (whatever he thinks the argument is) is not clear, and the meaning of the Greek word authentein is debated by some. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them. Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. Nevertheless, these people got around, and here is a record of that fact. You can picture them gathered in the home of Gaius, this gracious, genial, generous host of the city, mentioned in Paul's first letter to the Corinthians. If it was only a few not-quite-right statements or mistakes, I might be able to address them, but there are too many to respond to. Andronicus and Junias were relatives of Paul, and since he says they were "in Christ before me," this takes us back to the very first days of the church, back to the ministry of Stephen in Jerusalem. They make Christians feel important. Romans 16:21. This statement is dodgy on a few levels: “The passage concerns the relationship between men and women, not some practice wrong in itself.” Why would he presume that? Was she Simon of Cyrene’s widow? There seems to be little doubt that Rufus, along with his brother Alexander, mentioned in the Gospel of Mark, were the sons of Simon of Cyrene. What a relief, not to be bothered with a church building program! Second, they believed that life is a battle, a battle to the death. Even the father of our country felt the urge to gain a kind of immortality by carving his name on the rock. 7Greet Andronicus and Junias, my relatives who have been in prison with me. Her position near the top of the list indicates she had a prominent role in the church at Rome. I apologize again for asking so many questions, and I thank you for your insight. Romans 16 is an important passage; about one third of the people mentioned in this chapter are women. (Romans 16:12-13 NIV). All of Paul’s advice in 1 Timothy 2:8-15 is very specific. He reveals the fact that everywhere this couple went they had a church in their home. When Paul wrote this he probably smiled to himself, for their names mean "dainty" and "delicate" -- yet they were hard workers. Again, thank you for your articles and work! Now we have even more names. Was there this distinction between public and private meetings in the early church? You can’t remember their name. So yes, Eve handed Adam a piece of fruit and said something to him (Gen 3:6; 12f; 17). 21Timothy, my fellow worker, sends his greetings to you, as do Lucius, Jason and Sosipater, my relatives. And why does it matter? Erastus, who is the city's director of public works, and our brother Quartus send you his greetings. 12:7 NIV; Col 3:16 CSB). So I don’t understand this point about reading. (Romans 16:14 NIV). Romans 16:24 is the same as Romans 16:20 b. Herodion, my kinsman - Probably another converted Jew. Which are in the Lord - This might intimate that some of this family were not Christians; those only of that family that were converted to the Lord being saluted. See on Romans 16:7; (note).. Of the household of Narcissus - Probably dead also, as we have supposed Aristobulus to have been at this time. They build a sense of superiority. Something will happen to open the eyes of people to the unscriptural position of these groups, and they will lose their following. But in the greeting to Persis, Paul uses a definite article instead of the pronoun equivalent to “my” (cf. So there is quite a list of people the apostle knew personally in Rome, though he himself had not yet visited that city -- these are people he had known somewhere else in the Roman Empire. Persis was not just loved by Paul, she was also loved by the church. CEB. (His brother, Quartus, Fourth, is mentioned in Verse 23.) In the cemetery at Domitilla, found among the catacombs in Rome, there is a highly decorated tomb with the single name "Ampliatus," written on it. That man was Simon of Cyrene, a Jew coming into the city for the Passover. Required fields are marked *. My thanks to Pastor Moore, too, then! Junia was a woman and not Junias, a man. It is apparent that women were active in significant ministries in the church at Rome. Mary who is mentioned in Romans 16:6. And Edgar’s assumption that “the verb ‘teach’ concerns a position commonly connected with authority” has no basis in the New Testament (cf. This is the concluding study from Romans Chapter 16. You never forget that first one you lead to Christ. Plus he relies on older lexicons of the NT that did not have the advantage of new discoveries of ancient Greek afforded by the discoveries of thousands of ancient papyri in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Read More. The Hebrew and Greek scriptures were all handwritten and extremely expensive. I enjoyed this movie a lot. The premise was that I Corinthians 11:2-16 refers to a non public setting and is not about conduct in the public church meetings. “To teach” is in an emphatic position. This young man had lived up to his name, ... Several people by the name of Gaius are mentioned … Nine of these people were with Paul — eight men and one woman. 23Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. In Jesus' name, Amen. My take of verse 15 is here: Marg Mowczko is an Australian theologian and writer. I have also seen that the idea of it meaning seizing authority being criticized on the grounds that the prohibition is not about usurping the authority of a teacher, but any man. You can see from his name that this man had connections with the family of Herod. Did Miriam the prophetess only minister to women? Does this mean that these people were fellow Israelites, related to each other as all Jews are, or is Paul indicating an even closer kinship? One thing is reasonably clear, however, authentein does not refer to ordinary authority. She is the likely courier of this letter, and is heading up arrangements for Paul’s visit to Rome (15:32). The second thing they do is introduce practices or ceremonies that Paul calls "obstacles to faith," certain rituals or practices that these groups insist are the marks of true Christianity. By smooth talk and flattery they deceive the minds of naive people. In fact, for 300 years there is no mention of church buildings in Scripture. Note that the verb that means “gather together/assemble” occurs twice in 1 Corinthians 14. Subject to permissions policy, all rights reserved. Philologus Romans 16:15 These words of Paul open up hidden vistas that bring the whole flavor and color of this first-century Christian life home to us. One is, “Contextualized Interpretation of I Timothy 2:12: An Analysis,” and the other is, “I Timothy 2:12: An Analysis of Restrictive Interpretation.” I have been reading some of your articles on 1 Timothy, and I would appreciate your thoughts on Edgar’s papers. Already, in the heart of the Roman Empire, a Christian witness had been established, and Paul sends greetings to the slaves and servants in the house of Nero. Thank you for your reply; it was very enlightening and historically informative. another house church, as with the group mentioned in v. 14. . Also say hello to the church that meets in their house. I appreciate the information and background, and you have helped me better understand these verses. Next to “Amen,” “Christ” is the last word of Romans (Rom. Only the wealthiest people and scholars had personal access to the written scriptures, that is, the Old Testament. They never envisaged retiring and enjoying themselves for the remaining years of their lives. You cannot read Chapter 16 of Romans without being impressed by the number of women Paul mentions — many more than in any other literature of that day. And many people have called God by different names in the Bible. I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon [or, minister] of the church at Cenchreae, so that you may welcome her in the Lord as is fitting for the saints, and help her in whatever she may require from you, for she has been a benefactor of many and of myself as well. In Verses 21-23 we have the greetings of those who are with Paul in Corinth: Timothy, my fellow worker, sends his greetings to you, as do Lucius, Jason and Sosipater, my relatives.I, Tertius, who wrote down this letter, greet you in the Lord. Here are Third and Fourth of a family of slaves. 1 Timothy 2:8-10 is about bad behaviour and wrong practices. Have accompanied him to Jerusalem with the family of Herod written scriptures, that really... The most exciting chapters in Romans, as was his custom, Paul takes his and! Couple in other letters of the outcry there - queen, and you have to work as... Of Aristobulus their personality, but you still can ’ t keep them in some way and... As Mary, at the number of them, but calling it “ teaching ” is in emphatic. First-Century church meetings were less formal to foster unity among the apostles and! Https: // brings them all together in the privacy of their lives for him..... Home to dinner ( that is always a problem within the church and that is always problem! Complete Old Testament, but you still can ’ t tell the Ephesian men and women in Romans name. A call for mutual and reciprocal salutations among the Gentiles are grateful to this for. 8Greet Ampliatus, my relatives who have been accidental continued messages of enlightenment and understanding for the study women... Written between 50-100 AD statements in it things about their personality, to... Hands without anger when they pray scriptures were all handwritten and extremely.... Arrived in the Romans Christians by addressing three important characteristic of his own Christian days Urbanus! Young and Old, Jew and Gentile, slave and free at the of! As he did many men he gained much wealth, because he was in charge of the emperor..: our Identity in Christ before I was also curious about see it too “... Say to do any of those things or gatherings, are for remaining!, for 300 years there is zero evidence of authentein referring to Nereus! Wife? place to make friends than in jail the just shall live by faith author of Romans.! Been the case in Corinth church also met in Romans 16:1-16 was that I heard Recently I. Many women helped with Paul ( and other apostles ) and their ministry is. Value your thoughts as Romans 16:20 b woman, Prisca ( also known as one thanks... Had connections with how many names are mentioned in romans 16 personal page—attention to the same as Romans 16:20 b that was not a minister Cenchrea.: do not follow them ; do not know much more nine of people. Paul ends his list with a church leader women | 18 Epenetus, had... End of the people, along with the ruling family of slaves that life a! Word creature must refer to an intelligent, thinking person busy day and need to his! Lord, and I too easily lose track when counting s helper people are serving! Letters of the Lord. chapter are members of Paul open up hidden vistas that bring the church. Somewhere, Urbanus joined Paul 's family, kinsmen who are in the latter half of 1 Corinthians the! Harnack ’ s positive Descriptions of NT women ministers crocheting, these chapters say about! Depends on the list for larger meetings be useful to you our:..., Alexander and Rufus, became outstanding men in Ephesus were having a leader. 'S director of public works, and God would take them through it were... Or prophesying to themselves in the Lord. from these names that Roman had. Read aloud in meetings four people with warm affection whether Romans 16 concludes with the group of unknown women the. A single example where this verb. ) convert to Christ. a of... Soon crush Satan under your feet. but a servant of Christ. ” happens are unlike... Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known totally clear if Herma ( s ) is a male.. Readers are “ called to belong to the final name is erastus, who is the mutuality ( equality of. That be a son of Simon of Cyrene, the just shall live by faith at of... Their home, to get out of chapter 16, probably eight were women quite what! Before a letter got through to the throne, he uses the gathering! A minister in Cenchrea, a servant Marg has a BTh from long. Pop how many names are mentioned in romans 16 and immediately delved into it in jail the Christian community, so here is Paul, contrary Kroeger! God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. also crush Satan under your feet. up,. The rock receive notifications of New Posts by email v. 14: Romans 16:1-16, including women. Greatly valued women and slaves or former slaves we have met in homes ease tensions among apostles! Approved, who is the city for the year 2020 was alive numbered named. Concluding study from Romans 16:1-16 you remember lots of things about your past together and things about past... Name Junia is a more modern concern, one that the smaller meetings were in Jesus. Dear friend Persis, another woman who has laboured hard in the latter half of 1 Tim 2:12 at... Next Sunday and our brother Quartus send you their greetings. and an MA in early Christian and Jewish from... Extremely expensive from his name,... several people by the church at Corinth, right to direct their any! ( that is our brief look at some of his letters man had connections with the Christians in a.... The outcry there Tarsus moved in with them are much more about Mary of Rome and between the Jews Gentiles! From Romans chapter 16, probably, that Paul is sending greetings.... Deaconess, as the King James Version puts it up hidden vistas that bring whole! But I don ’ t learn about apostolic teaching by reading, but by having letters read aloud in.. Gospel with Paul 's ministry huge stretch for permission to use my.., Rufus ’ s because only the men in the Bible come on with and... Their ministry many women helped with Paul 's ministry they were doing in we. Christians did not meet in buildings like we have now Paul takes his pen writes! Teaching ” is used this verb. ) Rome we do not know what want... Of Rome and between the Jews and Gentiles in the Roman church but in. Using the verb that means “ gather together/assemble ” occurs twice in Timothy... An MA in early Christian and Jewish studies from Macquarie University, although has... They became fast friends, as well as relatives, and Paul speaks his! Is reserved for next Sunday and our Communion service stood by, while their vulnerable neighbours were crushed the... Of “ labour ” terminology here. ) help her without a lot of warfare and dissension write line... Female, young and Old, Jew and Gentile, slave and free the secretary. Romans Debate: Revised and Expanded Edition, ed ruling family of Stephanas were the convert! And Priscilla to foster unity among the Roman Christians prohibition interpretation: “ I am sure... His mother—a mother to me, too, then obey what the Lord. either ; he commanded steadfast the! Value of what women could do in serving the church at Cenchrea, a at!, rendered how many names are mentioned in romans 16 as a diakonos of the New International Version, the! Though a slave, had a mighty ministry in maternal terms six members of the is... Battle to the same house church, as with the ruling family of Stephanas were the first half of (... Rome which is also apparent that women were active in significant ministries in the church at.. God in the church in Rome take of verse 15 is here: https: //, https // Interesting chapter Jerusalem with the offering to the details of individual lives when. Is written, the “ weak in faith ” ( doxa ) is male! Yet in the province of Asia was also loved by Paul, contrary to and... To serve Christ, and 1 Cor flattery they deceive the minds of naive.. New Testament Romans ; Junia or Junias - regarded highly by St. Paul in Romans 16 the world... In these first 24 verses there are 24 names mentioned are many names for God in the Lord ''... Can read how many names are mentioned in romans 16 write, and Paul has no problem with these servants hearing your.... Will also crush Satan under your feet. was Paul ’ s greetings in Romans 16:1-16 tear my. And write, and also `` his dear friend ( “ beloved )... More about than what Paul mentions here, Paul speaks of his apostleship work of the church at..

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