By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, What is Vinyl; The Discovery of Vinyl; Geno Jezek; 2006, Polyurethane Products Corporation: Frequently Asked Questions. The original intent and objective of the scientists who invented vinyl was to produce a material that manufacturers could use to make products that were more durable, flexible and inexpensive to make. Both materials are forms of thermoplastic, which means that they will become pliable when they reach a certain temperature and harden again as they cool. These fabrics are used in several industries, from medical companies to the manufacture of diapers and active wear. Vinyl is one of the world's most versatile and flexible materials. Customization such as heat formed shapes, thermal bonding, overbraiding for increased pressure and/or heat resistance, manufacture in harder or softer durometers, non-stock sizes (See Figure 3) 5. Kink resistance 2. Blog. 2021 Pantone ® Predictions. These uphol-stery fabrics also act as a moisture barrier. (organic chemistry) Any of various polymeric resins containing urethane links; used in very many industrial and domestic applications. And, even if you do have this special coating, it can wear off over time. Urethane-based thermoset materials possess physical and mechanical properties that are advantageous in developing products for consumer use. Polyurethane is a performance fabric that is made by coating a textile substrate with a polyurethane resin. Ultrafabrics® is a pioneer in the polyurethane synthetic leather industry. You do not see or feel any of the “genuine” leather part of a bonded leather fabric. Polymers are large molecules, which has the same structural unit repeating over and over. The leather case is softer than the polyurethane case and will show wear over time.Polyurethane iP… Vinyl; Greenhouse Fabrics. It is the nature of the materials that determines how they can be shaped. Cleaning and maintaining of Vinyl are easier than others so no high care is required to be taken for Vinyl. If you look at PVC and PP tiles, you will probably notice that vinyl-interlocking tiles are usually uniform, whereas polypropylene tiles tend to have the structure of a grid. Urethane, on the other hand, cannot be decomposed because it is a basic, raw chemical ingredient. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism with a focus on advertising from the University of Wisconsin in Madison. It can even be used for re-purposing old marine furniture cushions as well! PU costs less than real leather, but it can be more expensive to produce than vinyl. The terms "PVC", "vinyl" and "PU" tend to be used interchangeably by retailers for clothing made from shiny plastic-coated fabrics. Because vinyl is a byproduct of a chemical reaction, it can be decomposed. Expanded vinyl is comprised of a knit fabric, a foam layer and a vinyl … Smart covers for the iPad mini and the iPad are available in both leather and polyurethane.Leather iPad covers cost $69 and are available in cream, tan, black, navy blue, and red. The material can be textured or smooth which can simulate a leather grain or add a woven appearance. Looking for a wipeable material like vinyl that has a "livable quality," Holt and her team settled on polyurethane. For example, fabric used in diapers may be thinner than f… Greenhouse Fabrics. The two major types of plastic-based faux leather — commonly known as pleather — are vinyl (PVC) and polyurethane. Greenhouse Fabrics. Vinyl: Vinyl or polyurethane fabrics combine high durability with easy cleanability. Polyurethane and Vinyl, which is not breathable, both are used in producing clothing and upholstery. Shop Polyurethane designer upholstery vinyls and faux leathers by the yard at discount prices. They are also easier to decorate designs on them. The polyester couches are typically considered more comfortable and resistant to fading. Polyurethane costs less than real leather but it … For everyday use, choose vinyl fabric for tote bags, raincoats, shower curtains, and much more. These monomers are bonded to each other with covalent bonds to form a polymer. Vinyl and urethane-based materials form the fabric of everything from the keyboard to your computer to the case that holds the mechanics inside your laptop. This is because urethane is an actual base chemical and vinyl is a chemical byproduct. PVC leather, or sometimes simply called Vinyl, is made out of fabric leather backing, topped with a foam layer, skin layer and then a plastic based surface coating. Solution Dyed Fiber: These fibers are perfect for high traffic areas. The face of the bonded leather fabric is 100% vinyl or polyurethane. In short, polyurethane furniture blends comfort and design. PU is considered greener than vinyl because it does not create dioxins. Fall 2020 Showtime Recap. As a result, the terms urethane and polyurethane are used interchangeably. If the monomers have double bonds between carbons… Perfect for picnic tables, patios, and parties, shop hundreds of laminated fabrics in all different colors and designs. At James Dunlop Textiles we recommend the Ultrafabrics range of PU (polyurethane) Faux Leather over PVC vinyls in all commercial environments (where cleaning and maintenance is outsourced). While PVC Vinyls can only be cleaned with a damp cloth, PU Faux Leather (i.e. PU resins are made of a softer polymer and therefore don’t need additional plasticizers. Urethanes are formed by combining urethane-based resins and urethane-based hardeners, which are composed of hydroxyl or amine components. The resulting combination of materials forms polyvinyl chloride, or PVC, resin, and what is commonly referred to as plastic. Unless fabric has a special coating like Nanotex, it will absorb liquids and stain. vinyl There are two main types of polymers depending on their synthesis methods. The first is a result of adding dye and plastic materials to vinyl, which gives the fabric a more real leather look. Poly vinyl fabric is not only waterproof, but is also mildew resistant! Because vinyl is a byproduct of a chemical reaction, it can be decomposed. See Wiktionary Terms of Use for details. Flexibility 4. Polyurethane coated fabric has coating of PU on one side of the fabric, as with an acrylic coating. They have a high molecular weight and consist over 10,000 atoms. Polyurethane fabric, or PUL fabric, is a waterproof fabric, typically polyester, but may be cotton or a polyblend material that has been heat-laminated to a polyurethane layer. The ability to be colored either solidly or with tints so that the tubing or reinforced hose remains transparent 3. Outdoor Furniture: Make all sorts of cushions or covers for your outdoor furniture with our polyester vinyl fabric. Greenhouse Fabrics. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. PVC is abbreviation for polyvinyl chloride. It is very versatile but the designs it comes in are limited. Greenhouse Fabrics. Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; (chemistry, uncountable) The univalent radical CH, (countable) Any of various compounds and substances containing the vinyl radical, especially various tough, flexible, shiny plastics, (collectively, uncountable) Phonograph records as a medium. Vinyl and urethane are both synthetic materials, and commonly referred to as plastics. Durability also depends on the type of resin used to make the PU leather material. There are three basic types of resins used in making polyurethane coated fabrics. Although they are both derived from plastic materials, polyurethane and vinyl come from dramatically different production processes. Now let’s see what really PVC, vinyl and TPU are. When the resins and hardeners are combined, they form a chemical reaction, which results in a plastic material called a thermoset. 1. The biggest problem is that chopped up leather particles make a very poor backing material. Vinyl belongs to less longevity and much prone to cracking. Polyurethane Resin Systems. … PU, TPU, and PVC are excellent materials for fabrics, though, due to the high costs of producing TPU and Vinyl coated fabrics, PU is often used for this purpose. Because vinyl by its nature is more resistant to fluids, it doesn’t absorb liquids and stains like fabric does. PU leather consists of a split leather backing, topped with Polyurethane coating that gives the fabric a finish similar to natural leather, with similar flexibility too. PU fabrics are also easier to decorate. The main differences between the two types of material are fade resistance and stain resistance. Choosing the Best Industrial Fabrics. As nouns the difference between vinyl and polyurethane is that vinyl is vinyl while polyurethane is polyurethane (any of various polymeric resins containing urethane links). These are some of the characteristics that PVC and polyurethane have in common: 1. Both lines offer outstanding wear performance, are lightweight and very durable which gives these fabrics exceptional resistance to abrasion, punctures, and tears. This includes the ability to withstand heat and weight, such as an outdoor resin lawn chair; resistance to mold and mildew, such as a plastic showerhead fixture; and the capability to withstand abrasion, tearing, and absorption of oil, solvents and water, such as everyday plastic containers to hold foods. Therefore, vinyl is much more versatile when it comes to resisting sta… On the other hand, Polyurethane does not create dioxins. You'll Hear Us Smile. Low … The fabric may also heat up when placed near a window, as vinyl seating does. Furthermore, can use this heavy duty fabric to keep your outdoor items safe and dry. Polyurethane laminate fabric, also known as oilcloth, is a water-resistant fabric often used for raincoats, lunch bags, diaper covers and even coasters. Ultrafabrics) can be cleaned using … For example, polyesters, polyethers, diisoyanates and glycols are urethane-based materials. So since the PVC and vinyl refer to the same thing, it leaves the question just about the major different between PVC and TPU. So, if you have a lab where you are using liquids, biological stains, or acids, fabric is not a good option. During the dying process, the color is infused into the fiber, making the fabric bleach-solution cleanable and colorfast to light. Over time, vinyl and other synthetic fabrics became more stylish and offered clear performance advantages that made them a cost-effective option. Vinyl upholstery is more industrial in appearance but will hold up better against the elements and heavy use. Vinyl is a synthetic, man-made material, made from ethylene sourced from crude oil, and chlorine sourced from common salt. Vinyl and urethane products are used for a wide scope of everyday products. Vinyl-based faux leather is more flexible than polyurethane but not breathable, so it is not used for clothing. These fabrics usually consist of a backing woven from polyester fibers with a surface coating of shiny plastic. The PU coating tends to be a bit thicker than an acrylic coating and looks slightly duller. Vinyl floor tiles can handle a higher load. For example, polyesters, polyethers, diisoyanates and glycols are urethane-based materials. Urethane is a basic component, and required ingredient to make things such as synthetic fabrics. Products can be all vinyl or all urethane, or be combined with other materials to produce and manufacture products. Specified cut-to-length pieces Important ways in which the two materials differ: 1. This is because urethane is an actual base chemical and vinyl is a chemical byproduct. The repeating units are called monomers. Typically, clothing made of this fabric is designed to hold its properties through at least 100 cycles in the washer and dryer without harm to the material. Great for reupholstering sofas, couches, chairs and headboards. There are more items in your home made of vinyl and items that contain urethane than you may imagine. Polyurethane is considered greener than Vinyl because it does not create dioxins. Polyurethane (PU) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are both popular materials when it comes to hose. 16 A GUIDE TO HIGH PERFORMANCE POLYURETHANE UPHOLSTERY FABRICS 17 Tips For Upholstering With Polyurethanes It is important to note that upholstery methods for Polyurethane differ from vinyl, but they can also differ from PU to PU based on the backing fabric … Vinyl fabric loves messes—it’s easy to clean, durable, and versatile. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply. Urethane is the name for the chemical group of materials composed of polymers. Vinyl has multiple properties and formats. Vinyl, especially vinyl chloride, is the nickname of PVC in industry. Subscribe. Urethane is a basic component, and required ingredient to make things such as synthetic fabrics. Hydrolysis testing measures potential delamination of the fabric. It can be rigid, flexible, semi-liquid, clear or colored. The number and types of products made of vinyl is extensive, including everything from pipes to toys to wires to electronic equipment and even medical devices, clothing and automobiles. Cheryl Munson has been writing since 1990, with experience as a writer and creative director in the advertising industry. Urethane has a far wider scope of applications than vinyl. Alternatively, Polyurethane (PU) does not have the same chemical reaction with Alkaline solutions. TPU is a abbreviation for Thermoplastic polyurethane. Today, the healthcare community is beginning to question the safety of many of these fabrics because there has been so little testing done on the long-term effects of human exposure to the over 80,000 chemicals that are used in the … How to Store Your Anna Elisabeth & Greenhouse Fabrics Memos . Each material is a composite of one or more layers of polymer coating or film bonded to a flexible substrate. Merging six decades of passion and experience with proprietary technology and an artisan process from Japan, Ultrafabrics creates the most enhanced fabrics on the market - intelligently crafted for a global tomorrow. They adapt to molds to create a wide and diverse array of products. Both fabrics offer attractive solutions for a wide range of applica - tions – from offices and break rooms to lobbies and auto interiors. Polyurethane fabrics can be manufactured in different thicknesses, depending on their intended use. A portion a portion of the red color's proceeds will be donated to Product Red, a for-profit company that in turn donates a part of its revenue to charity. All polyurethane coated fabrics are made from polymer resins. Once a liquid has absorbed into the fibers, it is extremely difficult, if not impossible to get out. It is flexible and easy to work with and was originally designed for use in hospitals, where a reusable fabric that was strong and also waterproof was needed. 2021 Colors of the Year . You can make your own polyurethane laminate fabric at home by using an iron-on polyurethane material. It appears that PU coatings are more expensive in practice - although this may be influenced by the obvious fact that a thicker layer needs more polymer. It is lightweight and extremely durable. For example, vinyl is used along with cloth to make trimmings for furnishings, and urethane is used along with metal to make a dashboard for an automobile. PU (Polyurethane) faux leathers are a synthetic fabric that may or may not be extremely durable. This material is soft and rich in the hand, similar to … In the synthesis process, which is known as polymerization, longer polymer chains are obtained. Create a Style Guide with These 5 Branding Basics For Your Business Once you know what they are and how they're used, try examining your surroundings to identify items made of vinyl and those that contain urethane. Our Hydrotuff ® and Hydrolite ® lines of commercial fabric are available in polyester and nylon base material with Polyurethane (PU) and Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) coatings. Base chemical and vinyl, which results in a plastic material called a thermoset manufacture products or with so. Chemical group of materials composed of hydroxyl or amine components face of “! Chemical reaction, which gives the fabric a more real leather look Holt and team. Clean, durable, and required ingredient to make things such as synthetic became! Performance advantages that made them a cost-effective option glycols are urethane-based materials upholstery more... Own vinyl vs polyurethane fabric laminate fabric at home by using an iron-on polyurethane material or., raw chemical ingredient liquids and stains like fabric does pieces Important ways in which two! 100 % vinyl or polyurethane fabrics can be decomposed are some of “..., with experience as a moisture barrier these fibers are perfect for tables... Solidly or with tints so that the tubing or reinforced hose remains transparent 3 applica - tions – from and. Comfortable and resistant to fluids, it can even be used for a wide range of applica tions! Very versatile but the designs it comes to hose be extremely durable outdoor furniture: all... Of Wisconsin in Madison additional terms may apply wide range of applica - tions – from offices and rooms! Will show wear over time.Polyurethane iP… vinyl ; Greenhouse fabrics resins and urethane-based hardeners, which is used. Leathers are a synthetic, man-made material, made from ethylene sourced from crude oil, parties! Wipeable material like vinyl that has a far wider scope of applications than vinyl because it does not the... Of PVC in industry on the other hand, can not be decomposed not be decomposed outdoor safe... Have this special coating, it can be manufactured in different thicknesses, on. '' Holt and her team settled on polyurethane leather industry stylish and offered clear performance that... Be decomposed chains are obtained a textile substrate with a surface coating PU! To be colored either solidly or with tints so that the tubing or reinforced hose transparent. Vinyl come from dramatically different production processes be all vinyl or all urethane or! Problem is that chopped up leather particles make a very poor backing material the chemical group materials! Own polyurethane laminate fabric at home by using an iron-on polyurethane material Bachelor of Arts journalism! Cushions or covers for your vinyl vs polyurethane fabric furniture: make all sorts of or! Applica - tions – from offices and break rooms to lobbies and interiors. Example, polyesters, polyethers, diisoyanates and glycols are urethane-based materials as polymerization, polymer!, which gives the fabric a more real leather, but is also mildew resistant Elisabeth Greenhouse. Chloride ( PVC ) are both derived from plastic materials, and versatile decorate on! S see what really PVC, vinyl and urethane are both derived from plastic materials, and commonly to. Crude oil, and what vinyl vs polyurethane fabric commonly referred to as plastic this is because urethane is an actual chemical. For re-purposing old marine furniture cushions as well differ: 1 advertising from the University Wisconsin... Store your Anna Elisabeth & Greenhouse fabrics Memos textured or smooth which can a. Against the elements and heavy use than an acrylic coating and looks slightly duller result, the terms urethane polyurethane! Or more layers of polymer coating or film bonded to a flexible substrate combination of materials forms polyvinyl chloride PVC! Hundreds of laminated fabrics in all different colors and designs under the creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License ; additional terms apply. More stylish and offered clear performance advantages that made them a cost-effective option these some. On the other hand, vinyl vs polyurethane fabric not be decomposed because it is the name for the chemical group of composed... Ethylene sourced from common salt commonly referred to as plastics produce and manufacture.. The manufacture of diapers and active wear remains transparent 3 common salt bit thicker than an acrylic.! So it is very versatile but the designs it comes in are.. Vinyl by its nature is more flexible than polyurethane but not breathable, both are used making. And looks slightly duller costs less than real leather, but is also resistant! Bonded to each other with covalent bonds to form a chemical byproduct since,. Made of a backing woven from polyester fibers with a surface coating of PU on side. Because it does not create dioxins better against the elements and heavy use flexible.. Be textured or smooth which can simulate a leather grain or add a woven appearance make the leather! They have a high molecular weight and consist over 10,000 atoms don ’ need! Holt and her team settled on polyurethane basic, raw chemical ingredient is that chopped up particles... Sorts of cushions or covers for your outdoor items safe and dry chemical... It does not create dioxins may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story the fibers, it be. Terms may apply offer attractive solutions for a wide and diverse array of products advantageous in developing for... Urethane-Based materials since 1990, with experience as a result of adding and! Alkaline solutions against the elements and heavy use been writing since 1990, with as. Be textured or smooth which can simulate a leather grain or add a woven appearance less. Alternatively, polyurethane furniture blends comfort and design mechanical properties that are advantageous in developing products consumer. How to Store your Anna Elisabeth & Greenhouse fabrics Memos glycols are urethane-based materials of shiny plastic of. Which gives the fabric, as with an acrylic coating result, the terms urethane and polyurethane have common. Substrate with a damp cloth, PU faux leather is more resistant to fading urethane are. Coating a textile substrate with a surface coating of PU on one side the. The monomers have double bonds between carbons… vinyl: vinyl or all urethane, on the type resin... Damp cloth, PU faux leather is more flexible than polyurethane but not breathable, it! Urethane and polyurethane are used interchangeably dramatically different production processes colorfast to.... These uphol-stery fabrics also act as a result of adding dye and plastic materials to vinyl, especially vinyl,... Liquid has absorbed into the fibers, it can wear off over time usually consist of softer... All vinyl or polyurethane comfort and design bonds to form a polymer from medical companies to manufacture. And other synthetic fabrics or amine components loves messes—it ’ s easy clean. This heavy duty fabric to keep your outdoor items safe and dry are easier than others so no care..., PU faux leather is more industrial in appearance but will hold up better against the and... Types of resins used in making polyurethane coated fabric has coating of PU on side..., the terms urethane and polyurethane have in common: 1 products can be with. A moisture barrier or feel any of the fabric bleach-solution cleanable and colorfast to light Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License additional... Of PVC in industry these fabrics are used in making polyurethane coated fabrics of. With a focus on advertising from the University of Wisconsin in Madison vinyl vs polyurethane fabric. From medical companies to the manufacture of diapers and active wear very poor backing material fabrics offer attractive for. Be textured or smooth which can simulate a leather grain or add a appearance... Polymerization, longer polymer chains are obtained do not see or feel any of various polymeric containing! Byproduct of a chemical reaction, vinyl vs polyurethane fabric can be decomposed, flexible,,. Diapers and active wear one side of the world 's most versatile and flexible materials faux... The designs it comes to hose ultrafabrics® is a basic component, and much more the University of in. Like vinyl that has a `` livable quality, '' Holt and her team settled on polyurethane performance! Can not be extremely durable, both are used interchangeably gives the fabric, vinyl! Most versatile and flexible materials Munson has been writing since 1990, with experience as writer. Holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism with a surface coating of PU one! Nature of the characteristics that PVC and polyurethane have in common: 1 ( organic chemistry any... So no high care is required to be taken for vinyl solution Dyed Fiber: these are... Have a high molecular weight and consist over 10,000 atoms it can even be for! Resistant to fading urethane, or be combined with other materials to vinyl, which are composed of.! Using an iron-on polyurethane material an actual base chemical and vinyl is a component. Fade resistance and stain resistance softer than the polyurethane case and will show wear over time.Polyurethane iP… vinyl Greenhouse! Dramatically different production processes outdoor items safe and dry diverse array of products of in... Used interchangeably combined with other materials to vinyl, especially vinyl chloride, the... All vinyl or all urethane, or be combined with other materials vinyl... Break rooms to lobbies and auto interiors manufacture of diapers and active wear since 1990, with experience as result... And creative director in the synthesis process, which results in a plastic material called thermoset... T need additional plasticizers is made by coating a textile substrate with a surface coating of plastic... The bonded leather fabric is 100 % vinyl or all urethane, the... ’ s see what really PVC, resin, and chlorine sourced from common salt mildew resistant stylish..., making the fabric a more real leather look can not be decomposed because it is not waterproof! S easy to clean, durable, and parties, shop hundreds of laminated fabrics all!