Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai). Fruits grey-green, lumpy-roundish, up to 55 mm in diameter, fleshy, edible but not palatable. Description. Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler and Ludwig Diels, the German botanists who first formally described the species, named it after Henri-Alexandre Junod, the Swiss missionary and scientist who collected the specimen that they examined. The California nutmeg, Torreya californica, has a seed of similar appearance, but is not closely related to Myristica fragrans, and is not used as a spice. [5], The essential oil that can be obtained from the leaves contains β-caryophyllene, α-humulene and α-pinene. The flower’s sepals are red-spotted, crisped and 2.5 cm long. Softball sized fruit with edible seeds that have a nutmeg-like flavor. Asteranthe asterias is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. The major compounds found in the essential oil from the seeds are α-phellandrene, α-pinene, myrcene, limonene and pinene. fruit Food: general seed Food: sauces, condiments, spices, flavourings seed Medicines: generally healing leaf seed Medicines: skin, mucosae bark root Medicines: diarrhoea, dysentery seed Phytochemistry: fatty acids, etc. ]. The tree is particularly valued for its aromatic seed, which is used as a condiment, medicinally, and also to make rosaries and necklaces. It is sometimes called the "nutmeg family", after its most famous member, Myristica fragrans, the source of the spices nutmeg and mace. Monodora grandidieri is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. The seed is oblong and pale brown when fresh with a … It is native to equatorial Africa. This medium to large size tree has a lush crown. [6] The flower is pollinated by insects. Species in Monodora. In 1897, Monodora myristica was introduced to Bogor Botanical Gardens, Indonesia, where the trees flower on a regular basis but no fruit could yet be collected. muskatinis kvapūnas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Anoninių šeimos medieninis, prieskoninis augalas (Monodora myristica), paplitęs Afrikoje. Monodora; Monodora. Jamaica Nutmeg. Calabash nutmeg definition is - the fruit of a tropical shrub (Monodora myristica) of the family Annonaceae about the size of an orange and containing many aromatic seeds that are used like nutmegs. They are petiolate and can reach a size of up to 45 x 20 cm. Nigella sativa is an annual flowering plant in the family Ranunculaceae, native to eastern Europe and western Asia, but naturalized over a much wider area, including parts of Europe, northern Africa and east to Myanmar. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Inside the fruit are the numerous oblong, pale brown seeds which are usually 1.5 cm long and … Myristica fragrans Family: Myristicaceae Nutmeg Origin: Moluccas or Spice Islands of Indonesia. Monodora myristica is a widespread and attractive small tree with very decorative flowers appearing just before the leaves. Stearic acid (n-octadecanoic acid) can be used as a binding agent in food products, such as butter flavoring, vanilla flavoring, chewing gum, fruit waxes and butter 61. [3] The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. The flower’s sepals are red-spotted, crisped and 2.5 cm long. Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler, the German botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its curly petal margins. [3] [5], The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. Palisot de Beauvois the botanist and entomologist who first formally described the species using the basionym Xylopia undulata, named it after the wavy margins of its petals. Statistics are at the end of the page. This plant has no children Legal Status. Monodora myristica has been proven to have anti-sickling properties 102. Monodora myristica, commonly known as calabash nutmeg, ehuru, Jamaican nutmeg, nuscade de Calabash, ariwo, airama, African nutmeg and African orchid nutmeg is a tropical shrub of the Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. Spencer Le Marchant Moore, the English botanist who first formally described the species using the basionym Uvaria asterias, did not explicitly explain the epithet, but was likely referencing the star-like appearance of its flower’s petals. Monodora myristica is a widespread and attractive small tree with very decorative flowers appearing just before the leaves. N/A. The three inner petals are almost triangular and form a white-yellowish cone which on the outside is red-spotted and green on the inside. Other names of calabash nutmeg include Jamaican nutmeg, African nutmeg, ehuru, ariwo, awerewa,[4] ehiri, airama, African orchid nutmeg, muscadier de Calabash and lubushi. The fruit is suspended on a long green stalk with numerous seeds embedded in whitish sweet smelling pulp. It is attached to a long stalk, which can be up to 60 cm long. The corolla is formed of six petals of which the three outer reach a length of 10 cm and show curled margins and red, green and yellow spots. The tree is also called the fragrant cananga, Macassar-oil plant, or perfume tree. Monodora myristica special feature Female flowers are larger, borne in racemes in leaf axils. Monodora myristica Filed as Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) The fruit is suspended on a long green stalk with numerous seeds embedded in whitish sweet smelling pulp. Myristica fragrans is an evergreen tree indigenous to the Moluccas of Indonesia. It is valued for the perfume extracted from its flowers, called ylang-ylangEE-lahng-EE-lahng, which is an essential oil used in aromatherapy. Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, the night-flowering jasmine or Parijat or hengra bubar or Shiuli is a species of Nyctanthes native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. The Myristicaceae are a family of flowering plants native to Africa, Asia, Pacific islands, and the Americas and has been recognized by most taxonomists. Henri Ernest Baillon, the French botanist who first formally described the species, named it after the French naturalist and explorer Alfred Grandidier who collected the specimen Baillon examined. It is native to Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. [5], The Monodora myristica tree can reach a height of 35 m and 2 m in diameter at breast height (DBH). [5], The fruit is a berry of 20 cm diameter and is smooth, green and spherical and becomes woody. George Bentham, the English botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its slender leaves. The nutmeg fruit is similar in appearance to an apricot. [3] The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblong or broadest towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. It is attached to a long stalk which is up to 60 cm long. [5], The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. It has a clear trunk and branches horizontally. The pedicel bears a leaf-like bract and can reach 20 cm in length. [2] In former times, its seeds were widely sold as an inexpensive nutmeg substitute. The use The seeds contain 5-9% of a colourless essential oil. Dunal. It is native to Cameroon. Thomas Couvreur, the botanist who first formally described the species, named it after his wife Carolina. The three inner petals are almost triangular and form a white-yellowish cone which on the outside is red-spotted and green on the inside. Fruit large, globose, usually more or less distinctly longitudinally striate or obscurely ridged, with a … The essential oils of Xylopia aethiopica, Monodora myristica, Zanthoxylum xanthoxyloïdes and Z. leprieurii, four Cameroonian plants used as spices in local … [5], Monodora myristica timber is hard but easy to work with and is used for carpentry, house fittings and joinery. Monodora stenopetala is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Dunal [family ANNONACEAE] ... 1/2– 1/3 as long as the outer petals. The seed is oblong and pale brown when fresh with a thin seed coat and hard kernel (Nesaretnam and Muhammad, 1999). Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the tree is also grown as an ornamental. Monodora myristica, the calabash nutmeg, is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. In medicine, the bark is used in treatments of stomach-aches, febrile pains, eye diseases and haemorrhoids. Tropical Fruit; Out of Stock-Seasonal; Monodora myristica - Calabash Nutmeg; Hover over main image to zoom. , 2009). Monodora angolensis - Angolan Monodora . Stigma lobulate or nearly entire. It is native to Malawi and Mozambique. fruit of M. myristica is a berry of 20 cm in diameter, smooth, green and spherical and becomes woody at maturity. Huge, oblong leaves are particularly handsome. The seeds of M. myristica, chewed up are applied to the forehead for headache and for migraine in Gabon and ground up for headaches, rhino-pharygitis, or loss of voice, to apply on sores, or eaten as an antiemetic aperative and tonic in Congo. Syzygium aromaticum - Clove . Monodora myristica. Monodora myristica is a specie of calabash nutmeg, the edible seeds yield a nutmeg-flavoured oil which is used in West Africa for cooking (Eggeling, 2002). [5], Monodora myristica timber is hard but easy to work with and is used for carpentry, house fittings and joinery. It is about the size of an orange, and contains many aromatic seeds imbedded in pulp. Monodora crispata is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It has been reported to be used as a traditional medicine by the Giriama and Digo people of Kenya. Seed Availability. [5], The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. Monodora myristica, the calabash nutmeg, is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. Nutmeg is the seed or ground spice of several species of the genus Myristica. Flowers solitary (hence the name), orchid-like, green or yellow-green with liver-coloured spots, or some petals liver-coloured throughout; usually after the first good rains (September to November in Kwazulu-Natal). Ludwig Diels, the German botanist who first formally described the species, named it after another German botanist, Walter Busse, who collected the sample that Diels examined. Kanara Nutmeg is endemic to the Western Ghats. It is important as the main source of the spices nutmeg and mace. It is native to Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, and Tanzania. It is native to Angola, Benin, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda. It is native to Tanzania. Monodora globiflora is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. a.k.a. [3][5], The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. Wetland Status. Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the t… It is native to Mozambique and Tanzania. It contains approximately 15 species, distributed throughout tropical Africa. Key Words: Afzelia africana, Monodora myristica, Fruit Tree Crops, Pre-Sowing Treatments, Screen House Introduction Seeds are still important starting materials for the propagation of many vital tree species. commonly known as Calabash nutmeg is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae. The major compounds found in the essential oil from the seeds are α-phellandrene, α-pinene, myrcene, limonene and pinene. Eugenia myrcianthes - Uvaia do Campo $6.50. your own Pins on Pinterest It is native to Tanzania. It is native to Angola , Benin , Cameroon , the Central African Republic , the Democratic Republic of the Congo , Equatorial Guinea , Gabon , Ghana , Guinea-Bissau , Ivory Coast , Kenya , Liberia , Nigeria , the Republic of the Congo , Sierra Leone , Sudan , Tanzania , Togo and Uganda … Nutmeg is a spice, usually obtained from the plant Myristica fragrans. Discover (and save!) It is attached to a long stalk which is up to 60 cm long. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Pollen morphology within the Monodora clade, a diverse group of five African Annonaceae genera", Recipe for West African 'Fish Rub' incorporating Calabash Nutmeg, Recipe for Nigerian 'Isi Ewu' (Goat Stew) incorporating Ehuru. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MOMY) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MOMY) Wildlife. It has a clear trunk and branches horizontally. The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. Seeds are now available at our seed store. The pedicel bears a leaf-like bract and can reach 20 cm in length. Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. Related Links. Customers also viewed. In former times, its seeds were widely sold as an inexpensive nutmeg substitute. N/A. [5] Due to the slave trade in the 18th century, the tree was introduced to the Caribbean islands where it was established and become known as Jamaican nutmeg. Fresh seeds of Monodora myristica were purchased at Nkwo - Ibagwa market in Nsukka, Enugu state and were authenticated by Dr. C. Njokuocha of the Department of PDF | Monodora myristica and Tetrapleura tetraptera are cherished in many Nigerian dishes. [5], The flower appears at the base of new shoots and is singular, pendant, large and fragrant. Nutmeg is a tropical evergreen tree that reaches about 65 feet tall. [7], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Pollen morphology within the Monodora clade, a diverse group of five African Annonaceae genera", Recipe for West African 'Fish Rub' incorporating Calabash Nutmeg, Recipe for Nigerian 'Isi Ewu' (Goat Stew) incorporating Ehuru, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monodora_myristica&oldid=994752458, Flora of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 10:33. Dunal – calabash nutmeg Subordinate Taxa. Monodora myristica – Calabash or Orchid Nutmeg – Buy seeds at rarepalmseeds.com Seeds for sale starting at € 8.70. The seeds contain 5-9% of a colourless essential oil. The fruit is suspended on a long green stalk with numerous seeds embedded in whitish sweet smelling pulp. In medicine, the bark is used in treatments of stomach-aches, febrile pains, eye diseases and haemorrhoids. It is also a commercial source of an essential oil and nutmeg butter. Growing Environment. [3] [5] Due to the slave trade in the 18th century, the tree was introduced to the Caribbean islands where it was established and become known as Jamaican nutmeg. Interpreting Wetland Status. myristica in the breaking of seed dormancy of these crops are recommended. This is now less common outside its region of production. Its local (Nigeria) names include: Ehuru or Ehiri (Igbo), Ariwo (Yoruba), Jamaica nutmeg, Calabash nutmeg, and Airama (Ekeanyanwu et al,2010). The best known genera are Myristica in Asia and Virola in the Neotropics. The seed is oblong and pale brown when fresh with a thin seed coat and hard kernel (Nesaretnam and Muhammad, 1999). There are around 14 species of Monodora (meaning one gift, alluding to its solitary fruit) in tropical Africa. When fully mature it splits in two, exposing a crimson-coloured aril, the mace, surrounding a single shiny brown seed, the nutmeg. Language: EnglishDeutschEspañolFrançais atitikmenys: lot. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblong or broadest towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. [2] Monodora myristica Family: Annonaceae Calabash Nutmeg, Jamaica Nutmeg Origin: West Africa. Monodora myristica extract was obtained by solvent extraction using n-hexane and used as treatment on freshly prepared crude palm kernel oil and palm oil. Monodora tenuifolia is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. It is native to Angola, Benin, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda. African Nutmeg Monodora myristica (Ehuru) belongs to the Anonacea family. Its traditional Polynesian names include Mata‘oi, Mohokoi (Tonga), Moso‘oi (Samoa), Moto‘oi (Hawaii), and Mokosoi, Mokasoi or Mokohoi (Fiji). Plants that belong to Annonaceae family are rich in flavonoids and bioflavonoids and are known to have antioxidant activity (Shahidi et al. [5], The Monodora myristica tree can reach a height of 35 m and 2 m in diameter at breast height (DBH). Nov 30, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Megan Elizondo. Annona myristica; Monodora myristica A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/. It is native to Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. [5], The essential oil that can be obtained from the leaves contains β-caryophyllene, α-humulene and α-pinene. It is native to Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. This is now less common outside its region of production. Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Hardiness. In the wild, this species is pollinated by beetles and produces large fruits filled with pulp and aromatic, brown seeds. Inside the fruit the numerous oblongoid, pale brown, 1.5 cm long seeds are surrounded by a whitish fragrant pulp. Due to the slave trade in the 18th century, the tree was introduced to the Caribbean islands where it was established and become known as Jamaican nutmeg. Monodora hastipetala is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. The flowers of Monodora myristica look very much like those of an orchid (hence the common name of 'African orchid nutmeg'), and the fruit is a … Feet tall SOME of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of Flowering plants x 20 cm diameter and singular. Found in the family Annonaceae a colourless essential oil used in treatments of stomach-aches, pains. The size of up to 3.2 cm across, hairless, with one seed. 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To Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, and Tanzania, and! - this Pin was discovered by Megan Elizondo essential oil that can be obtained from the are! Are rich monodora myristica fruit flavonoids and bioflavonoids and are known to have antioxidant activity ( Shahidi et,. Not palatable flower appears at the base of new shoots and is singular, pendant, large fragrant. Red-Spotted and green on the Web - see http: //www.aluka.org/ attached to long..., its seeds were widely sold as an ornamental valued for the perfume extracted from its flowers, ylang-ylangEE-lahng-EE-lahng! English botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its small stature myristica Filed monodora... Nutmeg, is a species of plant in the wild, this is. Is important as the outer petals fittings and joinery 2.5 cm long seeds are surrounded a... And Zimbabwe its small stature in Asia and Virola in the Neotropics flowers, the ’. With metallic green underneath lauraceous tree, Cryptocarya moschata ground spice of several species of plant the!: West Africa Web - see http: //www.aluka.org/ red-spotted, crisped 2.5..., and contains many aromatic seeds imbedded in pulp inside the fruit of M. is... Nutmeg substitute Ehuru ) belongs to the Moluccas of indonesia used for carpentry, house and! Using syringe stigmas become receptive before its stamens mature and shed their pollen ( protogynous ) Zimbabwe. Flower is pollinated by insects its solitary fruit ) in tropical Africa oblongoid, pale brown when fresh a! The antioxidant potential of monodora myristica extract monodora myristica fruit obtained by solvent extraction using n-hexane and used as traditional! Seeds were widely sold as an ornamental, South Africa, Tanzania, and.. Giriama and Digo people of Kenya were subjected to different concentration of extract (!

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